One of the challenges currently faced by many First Nation communities in implementing self-government is being bound by the legal constraints of the Indian Act. The Indian Act imposes many restrictions on First Nations governments such as restrictions on membership, governance structure, elections, land management and the types of laws that can be passed. Self-government under the Indian Act is also limited by the need for federal approval for many actions taken under the Act. Additionally, it faces the risk that the federal government can amend the Indian Act at any time.  A modern treaty would allow each Nation to implement laws, governance structures and practices that best fit their Nation, under an agreement with BC and Canada that can only be amended if all parties agree. Moving away from the Indian Act would allow Nations to transition towards true self-government.

Learn about the TTA

Learn About The Indian Act